Prime Ministers of India with Their Terms – 1947 to 2019: India became an Independent country on 15th of August 1947. Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru became the first prime minister of India and he formed the first Nehru ministry consisting of fifteen members. When India was British rule The Constituent Assembly was set up followed by the negotiations taking place between Indian leaders and members of the 1946 Cabinet Mission to India from the United Kingdom.
wikipediaIn 1946 the first Constituent Assembly members were elected to it indirectly by the members of these newly elected provincial assemblies, and in the beginning, it included representatives for those provinces which came to form part of Pakistan, some of which are now within Bangladesh. There were 299 representatives there were nine women in the assembly. From the newly elected Constituent Assembly, The Interim Government of India was formed on 2 September 1946. The Indian National Congress had a big majority in the Assembly, they had 69 percent of all of the seats, while the Muslim League held almost all of the seats reserved in the Assembly for Muslims.
On 15 August 1947, the Dominion of India and the Dominion of Pakistan became independent as two different nations and the Constituent Assembly members who did not move Karachi later formed the Parliament of India. 28 members of the Muslim league later joined the Indian assembly of India. 93 members from princely states were selected later on.
The majority secured by Congress in the Elections were 82%. On August 15, 1947, Jawahar Lal Nehru took charge as the first prime minister of independent India and he nominated 15 members for the first ever prime minister’s cabinet. Until his death on 15 December 1950, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel served as the first deputy prime minister of independent India. Until 26 January 1950, Lord Mountbatten, and later C. Rajagopalachari, served as Governor-General Rajendra Prasad was elected as the first prime minister of India afterward.
|Narendra Modi||26th May of 2014 to till date||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Man Mohan Singh||May 22, 2004 – May 1, 2014,||Indian National Congress|
|A.B.Vajpayee||March 19, 1998 – May 22, 2004||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|I. K. Gujral||April 21, 1997 – Nov. 28. 1997||Janata Dal|
|H. D. Deve Gowda||June 1, 1996 to April 21, 1997||Janata Dal|
|Atal Bihari Vajpayee||May 16 to June 1, 1996||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|P. V. Narasimha Rao||June 21, 1991 to May 10, 1996||Congress (I)|
|Chandra Shekhar||Nov. 10,1990 – June 21, 1991||Janata Dal (S)|
|V. P. Singh||Dec. 2,1989 – Nov. 10, 1990||Janata Dal|
|Rajiv Gandhi||Oct. 31,1984 to Dec. 1,1989||Congress (I)|
|Indira Gandhi||Jan. 14, 1980 to Oct. 31,1984||Congress (I)|
|Charan Singh||July 28, 1979 – Jan. 14, 1980||Janata Party|
|Morarji Desai||March 24, 1977 to July 28, 1979||Janata Party|
|Indira Gandhi||Jan. 24, 1966 to March 24, 1977||Congress|
|Gulzari Lal Nanda||January 11 – 24, 1966 (Interim)||Congress|
|Lal Bahadur Shastri||June 9, 1964 – January 11, 1966||Congress|
|Gulzari Lal Nanda||May 27, 1964 – June 9, 1964 (Interim)||Congress|
|Jawaharlal Nehru||Aug. 15, 1947 – May 27, 1964||Congress|
Jawaharlal Nehru – Indian National Congress
Tenure – 15th Aug 1947 – 27th May 1964 for 16 years, 286 days
The first prime minister of independent India was Jawahar Lal Nehru and he played a very important role in shaping new aged India by using modern values and thinking. One of his major work towards society was the reform of the ancient Hindu civil code, he was a social reformer. It allowed Hindu widow to get equal right with men as far as property and inheritance was concerned.
Gulzarilal Nanda – Indian National Congress
Tenure – 27 May 1964 – 9th June 1964 for 13 days
Tenure – 11th January 1966 – 24th January 1966 for 13 days
He was the first ‘Interim Prime Minister’ of India.
Lal Bahadur Shastri – Indian National Congress
Tenure – 9th June 1964 – 11 January 1966 for 1 year, 216 days
Lal Bahadur Shashtri gave the popular slogan ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’, he followed Mahatma Gandhi religiously. Shastri was a soft-spoken person who in order to increase milk production in India promoted ‘White Revolution’.
Indira Gandhi – Indian National Congress
Tenure – 24th January 1966 – 24th March 1977 for 11 years, 59 days
Tenure – 14th January 1980 – 31st October 1984 for 4 years, 291 days
The first woman Prime Minister of India was Indira Gandhi. Indira Gandhi is the world’s longest serving woman Prime Minister. India emerged victorious over Pakistan in 1971Because of the courage and boldness of Indira Gandhi. In order to improve international relations with neighboring countries, she made quite a few changes.
Morarji Desai – Janta Party
Tenure – 24th March 1977 – 28th July 1979 for 2 years, 126 days
The first non-Congress Prime Minister of India is Moraji Desai. The state of emergency which was imposed by Indira Gandhi was ended by him and his ministers.
Charan Singh – Janta Party (Secular)
Tenure – 28th July 1979 – 14th January 1980 for 170 days
Charan Singh removed the Zamindari system and brought in Land Reform Acts As a Revenue Minister of Uttar Pradesh.
Rajiv Gandhi – Indian National Congress
Tenure – 31st October 1984 – 2nd December 1989 for 5 years, 32 days
At the age of 40, Rajiv Gandhi Became the Prime Minister. He made significant contributions to bringing computers to India. Indian administration was actually modernized by him. Bilateral relationships with the USwere improved by the efforts of Rajiv Gandhi and he expanded economic cooperation.
V.P. Singh – Janta Dal
Tenure – 2nd December 1989 – 10th November 1990 for 343 days
To improve the condition of poor in the countryV.P. Singh made major contributions.
Chandra Shekhar – Samajwadi Janta Party
Tenure – 10th November 1990 to 21st June 1991 for 223 days
P. V. Narasimha Rao – Indian National Congress
Tenure – 21st June 1991 – 16th May 1996 for 4 years 330 days
One of the ablest administrators who brought major economic reforms was P.V.Narsimha Rao. He is also known as the Father of Indian Economic Reforms. He dismantled the License Raj and reversed the socialist policies of Rajiv Gandhi’s government.H e was also referred to as ChanakyaBecause of his immense diplomacy.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee – Bhartiya Janta party
Tenure – 16th May 1996 – 1st June 1996 for 16 days
Tenure –19th March 1998 – 22nd May 2004 for 6 years 64 days
One of the finest Prime Ministers of India was Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Inflation was very low in India during his tenure. On economic reforms and policies especially for rural India is working very significantly. India Pakistan relationship got slightly better during his tenure. Telecom industry touched new heights when he was the prime minister.
H. D. Deve Gowda – Janta Dal
Tenure – 1st June 1996 – 21st April 1997 for 324 days
Deve Gowda held additional charges of Home Affairs, Petroleum, and Chemicals, Urban Employment, Food processing, Personnel, etc. during his period. Gowda had been collectively elected leader of the United Front coalition government.
I.K. Gujral – Janta Dal
Tenure- 21st April 1997 – 19th March 1998 for 332 days
The most important task during Gujral’stenure as PM was his resistance to signing CTBT(Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty). It made a clear way to conduct the Pokhran nuclear tests. He worked towards improving a relationship with Pakistan and gave a five-point doctrine known as Gujral Doctrine.
Manmohan Singh – Indian National Congress
Tenure – 22nd May 2004 – May 2014
During his tenure, Manmohan Singh’swork was done to complete reformation of the banking as well as financial sector along with public companies. His government brought in the value-added tax and worked on pro-industry policies. The National Rural Health Mission was started in 2005. Eight additional IITs were opened in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Orissa, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Himachal Pradesh.
Narendra Modi – Bhartiya Janta Party
Tenure – May 2014– to still continue
Narendra Damodardas Modi assumed office on May 26, 2014. He is the 15th Prime Minister of India. Since the beginning of his tenure in 2014, Modi has laid down a strict and disciplined system of governance. He has enforced many policies such as the Jan Dhan Yojana, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan – aimed towards cleanliness marking the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi in 5 years, Clean Ganga project, etc. for the upliftment of the nation.